Shade and Ornamental Trees: Tilia (Linden)

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Tilia americana 'Redmond'

Redmond Linden or Basswood (aka Tilia x euchlora 'Redmond') has a dense upright pyramidal crown. Large, glossy, light green, 16cm wide, heart-shaped leaves turning yellow in the fall. This rapid growing tree is ideal for giving deep shade. Fragrant, small yellow flowers appear in late spring in pendulous clusters making the tree buzz with the activity of bees. Nutlets remain on tree till mid- winter. Of added interest in the winter are the red twigs and buds.

Tilia cordata Corinthian ('Corzam')

Corinthian Linden is the narrowest variety of Linden available with smaller, thicker deep green foliage giving the tree a finer textured appearance. Fall colour is yellow like all the Tilias.

Tilia cordata 'Glenleven'

Glenleven Littleleaf Linden has a pyramidal crown with upright branching. Somewhat more open and larger leaves than Greenspire. One of the hardiest and fastest growing of the cordatas.

Tilia cordata Greenspire

Greenspire Littleleaf Linden is upright, conical to pyramidal in shape with a strong leader. Small and leathery heart-shaped leaves. Fragrant yellowish-white flowers in July. Still one of the best shade trees available due to its uniform branching and strong central leader, symmetrical pyramidal form with dark green foliage and tolerance for difficult (urban) conditions.

Tilia cordata

Littleleaf Linden is a large tree with an oval to pyramidal shape. Heart-shaped foliage is dark green above and light green beneath. Moderately fragrant, small yellow flowers appear in late spring and they are very showy, suspended from an elongated bract. Nutlets remain until mid-winter. A good shade tree in its own right and also the parent of many cultivars.

Tilia cordata Summer Sprite ('Halka')

Summer Sprite Linden is a J. F. Schmidt introduction and is a natural dwarf with a rounded pyramidal shape. Ideal for smaller urban locations.

Tilia x euchlora

Crimean Linden has a crown with narrow upright branches which eventually twist over and descend with age to form a mushroom-like dome. Leaves larger than cordata but smaller than Americana. Glossy green leaves turn yellow in autumn. Tolerant of difficult conditiions (urban, pollution).

Tilia cordata x mongolica 'Harvest Gold'

Harvest Gold Linden differs from other Lindens in the deeper toothed leaves and flaking bark. It grows somewhat slower than T. cordata. It is also one of the hardiest Lindens. Harvest Gold was selected in Manitoba (Jeffries Nurseries), for its upright pyramidal habit, glossy dark green healthy summer foliage and consistent yellow fall colour. It is said to be a combination of Mandschurian and Mongolican Linden, budded on littleleaf Linden. New leaves emerge bronze-red.

Tilia platyphyllos 'Laciniata'

Cutleaf Lime (Linden) has irregularly lobed ("shredded") leaves on a much smaller tree than the species (T. platyphyllos or Bigleaf linden). Probably the earliest flowering Linden, June , followed by T. tomentosum. Young twigs are red-brown and hairy.

Tilia tomentosa 'Green Mountain'

Green Mountain Silver Linden is a fast growing large tree with an attractive, densely branched symmetrical head. Foliage is dark green above and silvery -hairy-underneath, creating a nice effect in the wind. Yellowish-white, fragrant flowers appear in early summer but are mostly hidden by foliage (drooping cluster with one leaf-like bract). Bees are attracted to the flowers. Resistant to Japanese beetle and gypsy moth. At Specimen Trees we have found that T. tomentosa is not affected by aphids in the Fraser Valley. Heat and drought tolerant. Tolerant of difficult (soil, urban, pollution) conditions.

Tilia tomentosa 'Sterling'

Sterling is a silver linden selection very similar to Green Mountain but narrower. Green leaves are silvery, tomentose (hairy) underneath. Tomentose leaves make the leaves unattractive to the Japanese beetle. At Specimen Trees we have found that T. tomentosa is not affected by aphids in the Fraser Valley.