Shade and Ornamental Trees: Fruit

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Asimina triloba

The Pawpaw Tree has an exotic appearance with its leaves hanging vertically on its branches. Large oblong, obovate foliage is up to 28cm long. Unusual reddish-purple brown, drooping, bell-shaped flowers. Large fruit (somewhat resembling mangos in shape) have a papaya/banana flavoured pulp with the texture of a smooth custard. (eat by spooning flesh out of the horizontally halved fruit in skin, like kiwi)

Ficus carica 'Chicago'

Chicago is a hardy edible fig selection which can dieback (usually tops and 1-year growth, but whole plants have died back and re-grown!) under freezing weather conditions but will re-sprout (unique) from the ground in the spring! Very suitable for container growing. Should be grown in a protected/sheltered sunny location. Fig leaves are large (to 20cm long), palmate with 3-5 lobes that are scalloped along the edges. Will set fruit early in the season to ripen from August untill first frost in the fall. The figs are purplish-brown when ripe with pink flesh. zone 5 (WITH PROTECTION) Self fertile. Note: Figs were one of the first fruits to be "domesticated" (Fossilized evidence found in Jordan dates back to 9000BC)

Malus domestica 'Alkmene' (eating apple)

This newer European apple (from Germany) is related to the Cox, and definitely inherited its great sweet flavour. Yellow fruit with reddish markings and sometimes red with a yellow background, has a crisp distinct flavour. Harvest in August/September, good fresh eating & multi-purpose apple; does not keep very well (mid-Oct). Pollinator recommended - Golden Delicious or Jonathan. Note: flowers very early in the season (March) and may therefore be susceptible to frost damage. Plant in somewhat protected location. *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Bramley Seedling' (eating apple)

Bramley's Seedling is a good cooking apple; tart and juice, green with red, striped blush. Bramley Seedling has 2.5 times the Vitamin C of an average apple! Ripens in October and keeps till March. Self-sterile; triploid needs 2 pollinators. *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Fuji' (eating apple)

Fuji is a Japanese crossing of Red Delicious and Ralls Janet. An excellent eating apple. Juicy and crisp, firm, very aromatic; both sweet and tart. Also good for baking; keeps well. Ripens late October/early November. Yellow-green skin with an orange-red flush with darker markings (striped). Needs pollinator. *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Golden Russet' (eating apple)

Golden Russet is an old variety. It is a large, crisp late apple excellent for dessert and cider with a sweet, honeyed flavour. The skin is grey-green to bronze with a coppery-red cheek. Ripens towards the end of October. Keeps well and is scab resistant. Needs pollinator (Alkmene) *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Jonagold' (eating apple)

Jonagold apple is a medium to large, sweet apple with white flesh. A cross between Golden Delicious and Jonathan but tastes more subacid, aromatic and better balanced than Golden Delicious. Good all-round apple; fresh, cooking, processing, dessert and storage. Ripens early to mid October and may be kept till Feb/March. Self-Pollinator (partial), pollinator recommended (Alkmene) *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Liberty' (eating apple)

Liberty* produces McIntosh type small to medium sized apples, red blush over green, ripening in early September. Good cooking and eating apple with crisp, juicy flesh. Bears heavy as young tree. Resistant to powdery mildew & fireblight and very resistant to apple scab and almost immune to cedar apple rust. Needs Pollinator (Lodi) *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock

Malus domestica 'Spartan' (eating apple)

Spartan apple is a cross between Mcintosh and Yellow Newton Pippin producing an abundance of small to medium sized sweet apples with a bright crimson skin with white (with a red tinge), crisp flesh. Flavour is likened to strawberry and melon - excellent eating and dessert apple. Self fertile. *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Transparent' (eating apple)

(Yellow) Transparent is one of the earliest apples to ripen in early/mid August. Crisp, juicy and sweet flesh. *Grafted on semi-dwarf rootstock.

Malus domestica 'Wijcik' (eating apple)

Wijcik apple has a very narrow, columnar form. A late season apple suitable for container growing. Scab resistant. Produces crisp, juicy apples with a red skin. *Grafted on dwarf rootstock

Olea europaea 'Eddy's White Wonder' (eating olive)

This Common Olive cultivar is originally from Switzerland and thus consired hardier than most. Ornamental use as a broadleaf evergreen (Zone 7+) with narrow gray-green, leathery leaves (silvery-green below) with fragrant creamy flowers in clusters in spring. Oval, green drupes ripen to black olives. Olives are edible but require a curing process (min 2 months). see also: Olea europaea 'Picholin du Gard'

Olea europaea 'Picholin du Gard' (eating olive)

Common Olive is native to the Mediterranean, and should be grown in sheltered, sunny, fertile, well-drained locations. Protect, especially young plants, from low temperatures. Ornamental use as a broadleaf evergreen (zone 7+) with narrow gray-green, leathery leaves (silvery-green below) with fragrant creamy flowers in clusters in spring. Considered by some as self-fertile, but has been known to have better yields with a pollinator nearby. Oval, green drupes ripen to black olives. Olives are edible but require a curing process (min 2 months). Picholine du Gard is origially from the area of Gard in France ; it is now grown all over the world.

Pyrus communis 'Bartlett' (eating pear)

Bartlett is an easy pear to grow that ripens late August to early September. Fruit set is heavy & consistent. Greenish-yellow thin skin, medium to large, short necked (bell shape) sweet pear. Excellent fresh eating pear and in cooking and preserving. Partial self fertile; Bosc or Anjou for better fruit set; Good pollinator

Prunus salicina 'Brookgold'

Showy white flowers in early spring produce large, tasty golden yellow plums in August that are good for eating or canning. Requires pollination. Useful as a specimen tree for all season interest.

Pyrus communis 'Clapp's Favourite'

Table grade eating or cooking pear growing to 7m H x 3m W. Requires a pollinator. Early reliable cultivar that produces heavy crops of medium sized yellow green fruits with red blush. Note* found in massachusetts in 1850.

Pyrus communis 'Conference'

Table grade eating dessert pear, long narrow yellow to green fruits. Scented whte flower in the spring. Self-fertile heavy crop producer will withstand wet cool weather better than other pears. Grows to 8M H x 5M W

Pyrus communis 'Doyenne Du Comice'

Table grade eating dessert pear, rich perfumed flavours. Excellent quality, moderate producer. Tree is an excellent tree pollinator. Introduced in France in 1849.

Prunus cerasus 'Evans'

Evans Cherry has shiny red sour fruit with clear flesh.Good cooking cherry for pies, jellies and jams. White blooms in late spring, fruit ripens in late July. The plant is self-fertile. Can grow in sandy to clay soils, very acidic to alkaline and prefers a well-drained soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) to full sun. It prefers moist soil and will tolerate coastal exposure.

Prunus avium 'Compact Stella' (eating cherry)

Compact Stella Cherry is a genetic dwarf form of the Stella Cherry. Self-fertile (good pollinator for other varieties) white flowers in early spring. Large, heart-shaped fruit is very dark, almost black, juicy and sweet. Resistant to cracking. Produces in July, at an early age! Self fertile; universal pollinator.

Prunus domestica dulcis 'Hall's Hardy'

EATING ALMOND (Hall's Hardy Almond) Zone 64.5M H x 3M W. Pink flowers give way to large, hard-shell nuts that produce a delicious bitter-sweet eating almond. Tree is self-pollinating and ripens late September.

Prunus dulcis 'Texas Mission'

Growing to 5M, the Texas Mission is one of the better almond cultivars to choose. Come late spring, the Texas Mission produce beautiful white blooms with pink centres. This tree is semi-self fertile, but will produce more nuts if planted with Hall's Hardy. Medium sized sweet almonds are ready to harverst in autumn.

Prunus Domestica Mount Royal

This cultivar is the most cold-hardy of all the European plum varieties. It is a small tree with upright branching and small green leaves. It is a self-pollinating fruit tree; blooming in early spring with a midsummer harvest of large dark purple fruit.

Prunus Domestica Salicina 'Shiro'

Large round golden yellow fruit with yellow flesh. Ripens mid season. It has sweet and juicy flesh, however, requires pollination from other 'salicina' variety plum trees.

Pyrus pyrifolia '20th Century' (eating pear)

20th Century Asian Pear (Nijisseiki). Asian pears are sometimes called apple pears because they resemble an apple in their round form and crunchy juicy flesh. Smooth skinned fruit ripens from greenish to golden with very juicy and crisp flesh in late summer. Sweet, slightly tart (bland) flavoured. Stores well. 20th Century is partly self-fertile and suggest Bartlett as pollinizer for better fruit set. Partly self fertile; Barltlett variety is suitable for pollinizer.

Corylus avellana 'Eta'

This disease resistant Hazelnut is one of the newest additions out of Oregon State University. Tasty and compact, Eta is a medium-size fruit bearing tree which is best planted beside a Jefferson or Theta for the required cross pollination. Long, beautiful, yellow, male catkins give excellent fall color, with nuts being ready for harvest in early fall.

Corylus avellana 'Theta'

Described as one of the more flavorful Hazelnuts, Theta is another great new addition out of Oregon State University. When planted beside an Eta or Jefferson, for the required cross pollination, Theta will produce an abundance of medium-sized nuts for early fall. Disease resistant, Theta is not susceptible to filbert blight.