Conifers: Abies (Fir)

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Abies alba 'Pendula'

Weeping Silver Fir has dark green glossy needles and will only be about 2.0m in height after 10 years. Grows to a columnar very pendulous form if staked or it will sprawl as a groundcover. Prefers morning sun. GRAFTED

Abies balsamaea 'Nana'

Dwarf Balsam Fir is a slow growing, compact shrub with flattish top. Dark green needles are flat and short; young cones are violet-purple. Ideal for rock gardens. Prefers cooler climates. Partial shade.

Abies concolor 'Blue Cloak'

Blue Cloak White Fir with stunning powder blue needles on an upright, dense tree with pendulous branching.

Abies concolor 'Compacta'

Compact White Fir is a dwarf shrub of compact, irregular habit with attractive grayish-blue or bluish-white large 5cm long needles. May be sheared to a conical form. Tolerates full sun, but will benefit from some hot afternoon sun protection. GRAFTED

Abies fraseri

Fraser Fir is a conical to columnar evergreen with stiff horizontal branches. Bark becomes very resinous with age. Needles are short, dark green with two white bands underneath. Small purple, upright cones turn brown at maturity. Full sun to part shade. Prefers cool night temperatures. A favourite Christmas tree choice!

Abies grandis

Grand Fir or Lowland Fir is a native British Columbia fir. Deep green glossy 3.75cm long needles, two white lines beneath. Needles orientated in twin rows along branches. Upright cones. Tall straight tree averaging 60 to 90cm in diameter with a distinct horizontal pattern to branch ends. The name Abies comes from the Latin "abeo" - to rise, referring to the large stature of most firs and the word fir is derived from the Old English word "furth or fyrth" or the Danish word "fyrr" meaning fire for its use as firewood (and the fact that the thin bark of true firs make them vulnerable in forest fires).

Abies koreana 'Aurea'

Golden Korean Fir is a rather beautiful, slow growing, golden fir that can be grown upright with a leader or topped, to make a flat shrub. Needles are golden yellow on top and greener beneath. Beautiful violet-purple cones. Best in partial shade. GRAFTED

Abies koreana 'Silver Show'

Silver Show Korean Fir is brighter and more dwarf than Silberlocke. Needles curve up to reveal silvery underside (needles are longer than Silberlocke). Beautiful upright, (purple) blue cones. Protect from hot afternoon sun. GRAFTED

Abies koreana 'Silberlocke'

aka Horstmann's Silberlocke Korean Fir proves to be an attractive addition to the landscape. This small conifer's shiny dark green needles twist (curve backwards) to show its silvery underside creating a lovely two-tone effect. Blue (violet-purple) cones appear at an early age (on trees that are 1-1.5m tall) and are borne upright. GRAFTED

Abies lasiocarpa 'Glauca Compacta'

Dwarf Blue Alpine Fir or Rocky Mountan Fir has a dwarf, dense, broad pyramidal habit with blue needles radiating around the branch. Slow growing. An excellent choice for container gardens or a formal entry accent. GRAFTED

Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader'

A dwarf form of Abies. This dwarf conifer shows off golden yellow and green hues giving winter interest in a part shade garden. Suitable for small gardens, rockeries and border plantings. Develops a broad upright habit at maturity.

Abies procera

Noble Fir has a conical shape in youth with a more open (than most firs) and rounded crown. Trunk is straight with a slight taper, and has stiff out-pointing branches. Mature tree trunks range from 60cm to 1.5m in diameter. Lower branches often droop. Can reach heights of 80m in the wild (procera means "tall"). Native to Pacific West Coast from California to Washington. Blue-green needles 2.5-4cm long, flat, grooved on top, with silvery tinge, 2 pale stomatal bands on both top and underside, j-shaped at base, slightly notched tip, 4-sided on older branches. Lower branches often droop. Showy purple brown cones. Not wind-tolerant POPULAR CHRISTMAS TREE