Vines, Creepers, Perennials, Grass and Ferns: Vines

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Actinidia arguta 'Weiki' (male/pollinator)

Male plant needed for pollination. For info see: Actinidia arguta 'Weiki' (female).

Clematis armandii 'Snowdrift'

Evergreen Clematis has pure white, heavily scented ("honey & almond"), 5cm diameter star-shaped flowers in March - April appearing on large, branched clusters. Glossy/waxy evergreen leaves, divided into 3 leaflets. A very vigorous vine, needing a frost free location (such as a sheltered wall), protected from cold winds.

Clematis 'Henryi'

Henryi is one of the oldest and best Clematis (Lanuginosa Group) variety with creamy-white flowers with contrasting dark anthers; to almost 20cm in diameter! Flowers from June to September. Blooms in early summer from previous years growth and gets second flush later on new growth. Light pruning ok, but not necessary, in early spring, before new growth appears. Full sun , but keep roots cool! Henryi will tolerate light shade.

Clematis 'Jackmanii'

Jackmanii is the best known Clematis. An old English favourite dating back to mid 19th century. Profuse bloomer from mid-June through August with large, deep violet-purple flowers. Blooms on current seasons growth; prune (once established) to 30-60cm/1-2' in late winter/early spring. Full sun, but keep the roots cool! Jackmanii will tolerate light shade.

Clematis 'Nelly Moser'

Nelly Moser Clematis flowers profusely on last years growth with bi-colour flowers. Second flush later on current growth. Large pale mauve-pink flowers with reddish-pink or carmine bar in the center of each petal and purplish-brown anthers. Blooms in May-June and again in August-September. Full sun, but keep roots cool! Nelly Moser will tolerate light shade and may actually hold its colour better.

Campsis radicans

Trumpet Vine is a self-clinging vine with showy, orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers in late summer on current seasons growth. Vigorous shoots create a quick screen; needs to be kept in check!!! Aerial roots and suckers. Large composite, odd-pinnate glossy leaves, glabrous below. Flowers best in full sun and attracts hummingbirds.

Hydrangea anomala subsp. petiolaris

Climbing Hydrangea is a deciduous vine. An excellent climber (aerial roots) with green, roundish, heart-shaped leaves 10cm long. Produces short, stiff flowering branches with flat lacecap-type clusters of soft white flowers 15 to 25cm wide in mid-summer (sterile ray florets enclosing fertile flowers). Flowers are somewhat fragrant. Attractive shredding, reddish-brown bark. Shade tolerant.

Hydrangea anomala subsp. petiolaris Mirranda

Mirranda Variegated Climbing Hydrangea (aka 'Firefly'). This deciduous vine is an excellent climber (aerial roots) with green, roundish, heart-shaped leaves with a yellow edge which may fade to creamy-white in the summer. Mature foliage can become all green if exposed to summer heat! Produces short, stiff flowering branches with flat lacecap-type clusters of soft white flowers 15 to 25cm wide in mid-summer (sterile ray florets enclosing fertile flowers). Flowers are somewhat fragrant. Attractive shredding reddish-brown bark. Shade tolerant.

Lonicera reticulata Kintzley's Ghost

Climbing Honeysuckle said to have been growing on Iowa State Horticulturalist William Kintzley's grave - the vine has been a Kintzley family heirloom since the late 1900's! The silver dollar shaped bracts, backing the tiny yellow flowers, remain on the woody vine well after the flowers are gone and tiny red berries will appear in their center in the fall. A truly unique honeysuckle which is not prone to aphid infestations!!

Passiflora caerulea

The Passiflora caerulea is commonly known as the Blue Passion Flower. It has light green foliage and blooms an entirely unique and amazing flower. The flower is 7-10cm in diameter has an intricate ring of sepals, an inner disk of filaments in rings of blue, white and purple and one central antennae. It also has ovoid, orange yellow fruit that is edible.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia var. engelmannii

Engelman Ivy has smaller leaves than Virginia Creeper and is less vigorous and has a denser growth. The five-fingered, pointy leaves are dark green and turn into an amazing display of crimson red and purples in the fall (best fall colour in sunny locations). Inconspicuous, greenish-white flowers (hidden by foliage) in early summer produce blue-black berries on red stalks in fall and are attractive to birds. Self-clinging climber can be used as groundcover as well.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper has each sizeable leaf divided into five leaflets (quinque-folia = five leaves). It is a fast growing, self-clinging vine. Spectacular orange red fall colour! Inconspicuous, greenish-white flowers (hidden by foliage) in early summer produce blue-black berries on red stalks in fall, attractive to birds (once the leaves have dropped!).

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

Boston Ivy has smooth, glossy dark green 3-lobed foliage. A vigorous self-clinging vine that will cover (unsightly) fences, buildings or can be used as a groundcover. Spectacular vivid fall colours! May produce inconspicuous flowers in early summer followed by blue-black berries on red stalks in fall.

Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchii'

Veitchi Boston Ivy has smooth, glossy dark green 3-lobed foliage, which has a purple tinge in spring (leaf can be somewhat smaller than species). A vigorous self-clinging vine that will cover (unsightly) fences, buildings or can be used as a groundcover. Spectacular vivid fall colours! May produce inconspicuous flowers in early summer followed by blue-black berrieson red stalks in fall.

Schizophragma hydrangeoides 'Moonlight'

Moonlight Japanese Hydrangea vine is a hardy, deciduous climber with small, creamy white flowers in flattened heads surrounded by heart-shaped sterile flowers, much like those of the Hydrangea but the Schizophragma has only 1 bract compared to Hydrangea's 4. The large white lacecap flowers can reach 22cm across. Moonlight has very nice silvery-gray heart shaped leaves, with deep-green veining, that turn orangey-red in the fall. Needs some tender loving care in the early years, but will grow in any soil, and is suitable for shade but will flower better in the sun.

Schizophragma hydrangeoides 'Rosea'

A hardy, deciduous climber with small, creamy white flowers with a rose blush in mid-summer, on flattened heads surrounded by heart-shaped sterile flowers, much like those of the Hydrangea but the Schizophragma has only 1 bract compared to Hydrangea's 4. Needs some tender loving care in the early years, but will grow in any soil, and is suitable for shade but will flower better in the sun.

Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'

Amethyst Falls is an American Wisteria with a less vigorous growth habit than other Wisterias. Grows at about a third of the growth rate of the Asian Wisterias. Blooms at an early age with slightly fragrant purple flower racemes later in the season (May-June) and sporadically reblooms later during the summer. Prune in late winter to promote new growth as it flowers on new growth.

Wisteria floribunda 'Longissima Alba'

Japanese Wisteria is a fast growing, clockwise twining vine with pinnate compound leaves (17-19 leaflets) to 10m. Blooming in April-May with fragrant long (45cm) racemes, before or as the new growth appears. Floribundas flower longer than W. sinensis. Prefers full sun. Fall foliage is yellow. Alba has very big white flowers (to 60cm long);very fragrant as well. Known in Japan by the name of 'Shiro Noda' meaning "snow showers".

Wisteria floribunda 'Pink Ice'

Japanese Wisteria is a fast growing, clockwise twining vine with pinnate compound leaves (17-19 leaflets) to 10m. Blooming in April-May with fragrant long (45cm) racemes, before or as the new growth appears. Pink Ice blooms with soft rose-pink flowers with purplish tips. The soft pink flowers have a lovely fragrance; may mature white in warmer weather. Floribundas flower longer than W. sinensis. They prefer full sun. Fall foliage is yellow. Note: Also known as 'Hon-beni' or 'Rosea'.

Wisteria frutescens var. macrostachya 'Aunt Dee'

Kentucky Wisteria is a counter-clockwise twining vine growing to about 7.5m. One of the hardiest and moisture tolerant wisterias. Blooms in May-June with 20-30cm long racemes (70-90 flowers per raceme!). Aunt Dee Kentucky Wisteria. A hardy wisteria with light purple flower racemes 20-30cm+ long, late flowering.

Wisteria frutescens var. macrostachya 'Blue Moon'

Kentucky Wisteria is a counter-clockwise twining vine growing to about 7.5m. One of the hardiest and most moisture tolerant wisterias. Blooms in May-June with 20-30cm long racemes (70-90 flowers per raceme!). Blue Moon is sweetly fragrant. Long blue bicolour flowers on new growth in summer. Repeat bloomer (2-3x) if located in full sun. A vigorous grower. Prune after flowering

Wisteria sinensis 'Black Dragon'

Chinese Wisterias are vigorous, counter-clockwise twining vines (need to be controlled) and need a strong support to grow on. Pinnate compound leaves (30cm long) have 7-13 leaflets. New growth is copper-green. Flowers open before or at the same time as the foliage. Pea-like flowers apppear in May and sometimes again in August. All flowers of the raceme open more or less at the same time; they bloom best in full sun. Black Dragon** is the only double flowered Wisteria, blooming with beautiful dark purple flowers. **Black Dragon is sometimes listed as a Wisteria floribunda

Wisteria sinensis 'Pink Pearl'

Chinese Wisterias are vigorous, counter-clockwise twining vines (need to be controlled) and need a strong support to grow on. Pinnate compound leaves (30cm long) have 7-13 leaflets. New growth is copper-green. Flowers open before or at the same time as the foliage. Pea-like flowers apppear in May and sometimes again in August. All flowers of the raceme open more or less at the same time; they bloom best in full sun. Pink Pearl is a pink flowering selection.

Wisteria sinensis 'Prolific'

Chinese Wisterias are vigorous, counter-clockwise twining vines (need to be controlled) and need a strong support to grow on. Pinnate compound leaves (30cm long) have 7-13 leaflets. New growth is copper-green. Flowers open before or at the same time as the foliage. Pea-like flowers apppear in May and sometimes again in August. All flowers of the raceme open more or less at the same time; they bloom best in full sun. Prolific is a vigorous Dutch clone with blue-violet flowers, before the leaves appear.